A lesson about Prophets

The following lesson was given by one of our teachers at AICP Philadelphia on Saturday, 6/17/18.

In sha’ Allah, we will benefit.

It was said:

A Prophet is a male human being. Females are not prophets. The mother of Musa was not a Prophet. Hawa, the wife of Adam was not a Prophet. Nor was Maryam the mother of ^Isa’. These three women were highly righteous Muslims (waliyyahs), upon whom Allah endowed merits that he did not endow upon others. Allah gave them extraordinary matters (karamat). And Allah gave them ilham (inspiration). Ilham is something that Allah puts into the heart of the person without them seeking it, without them even thinking about it. Allah throws into their hearts this inspiration, but it is not the same as revelation.

Allah sent an angel to the mother of ^Isa to deliver a message. This would not be revelation that makes a woman a Prophet. When the mother of Musa was inspired by Allah to put Musa in a basked, this is not revelation.

Prophets are only males. Prophets are only human beings. This, therefore, excludes the angels. Angel Jibril is an honorable messenger. Some of the angels are Messengers, but not Prophets. The term “nabiyy” or “nabuwwa” (plural) is specific to male human beings to whom Allah has sent revelation.

The revelation that the Prophet received was by Allah sending Jibril to this male human being or Allah reveals directly to the Prophet. This Prophet would either come with new laws (shari’a), or he may be sent revelation with the old laws from the Prophet before him. The one before him, who received new laws would have been a Prophet who is also a Messenger among the human beings.

For example, Sulayman was a Prophet. He was a nabi among the Prophets of Allah. What he received that was revealed to him by Allah–the laws, prohibitions and obligations, what was ordered not to do but is not sinful (that which does not come with a threat of punishment). Sulayman followed the Religious law revealed to Musa. The laws revealed to Sulayman were not new religious laws. This is the difference between a Prophet and a Messenger.

in some religious books, it is mentioned that the difference is that the rasuul (the Messenger) was sent a book. There is no harm in this definition. In other books authored by Muslim scholars, it mentions that the difference between the Messenger (rasuul) and the Prophet (nabiyy( is that the Prophet recieves new relugious laws but is not ordered to convey those laws to the people and this is an absolute mistake. Even if we find it in the books of some scholars, it is not correct.

In the past, there were the people whose religion was all the same. Adam the first Prophet and Messenger, his religion was Islam. The religion of his immediate grandchildren was also the religion of Islam. All the human beings remained on one religion until after the death of Prophet Idris (the third Prophet), peace be upon him. Then blasphemy appeared on the Earth. Before that, the people had one religion, Islam.

Allah sent Prophets who are males, human beings who receive revelation from Allah. They are conveyors of glad tidings: the good news of Paradise.  There is no way for us to know that Paradise exists except by the conveyance of a Prophet. If we use our minds in a rationally sound way, there is no way for us to reach to the conclusion that there is a place that there is enjoyment that is everlasting. There is a place where there is light and no darkness. There is a place where there is youth and no old age. There is a place where there is health and no sickness. There is a place where there is happiness and no sadness. These things are not fluctuating between each. In this life, one might be happy, but his happiness would be followed by sadness. and his sadness followed by happiness. Health may be followed by sickness. Sometimes you are up sometimes you are down. If one sat and thought there is no way that they would be able to confirm absolutely without any doubt that there is such a place where there is only goodness, there is not even annoyance. In this life when someone makes a noise that is bothersome, but not harming, this may annoy the person. But in Paradise, there is none of this.

This good news is not for everyone, it is for those who obeyed the commands of their lord, those who worship God and abide by his religious law. The Prophets are also heralds of good news and warners of the threat of Allah. Their job is to convey, not to withhold. This is mentioned in the Qur’an. So we know if we found in a book that Prophets that are not messengers withhold what Allah revealed to them, this is not correct. This is contrary to what is in the Qur’an, and contrary to their job, which is to convey to the People.

The first of the Prophets was Adam. He was the first human being. Allah created Adam from clay. Adam was created as a man, not from the evolution of apes. Darwin was just a theory.  Even in the principles of western science, theories are not to be taken as fact or reality. What Darwin said was a theory, not a fact. As Muslims have always said, it was a false correlation, and could not be proven.

The last of the Prophets was Muhammad, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.


Advice on Studying and Learning

📕📒📗Advice on studying and learning:

Imam Al-Mawardiyy said in his book Adabud-dunya wad-din:

“It was said that the one who does not study at length and does not toil will not obtain knowledge. Studying for a long time is toil with which no one will be patient except the one who regards knowledge as gain and ignorance as loss. One will bear with the labor of studying to achieve the relaxation of knowledge and to negate of oneself the disgrace of ignorance. Verily, the achievement of a great matter is done through a great matter. Seeking is proportional to desire. Toil will be in accordance with the (sought) relaxation.”


Fatimah Bint Muhammad


Lady Fatimah was the youngest daughter of Prophet Muhammad and Lady Khadijah. She married Muhammad’s cousin Ali ibn Abi Talib, and was the mother of the grandsons of the Prophet Al-Hasan and Al-Husayn. She was born a few years before the revelation.

Lady Fatimah had zeal for the defense of what is sacred and love of the righteous was ingrained in her. She would stand to shield her father from the attacks of men like Abu Jahl, ^Utbah and Shaybah. Once when Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was praying in the area near the Ka’bah, Abu Jahl encouraged ^Uqbah ibn Abi Mu’it to put the innards of a camel on the back of the Prophet. Fatimah, as a young child, was brave and took that filth off of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ with her own hands.

Once Fatimah passed by Abu Jahl ibn Hisham, and he slapped her across the face for no reason. She complained to Abu Sufyan, who took her back to Abu Jahl and told her to slap him back in the same way. When she went home and told her father, he made du’a for Abu Sufyan to become a Muslim, which he did after some time later.

When Lady Fatimah was 18, well-known companions started asking for her hand in marriage, but the Prophet ﷺ said he was waiting for a sign from Allah. One day ^Ali ibn Abi Talib came to the Prophet ﷺ wanting to propose marriage, but was too shy. When Muhammad ﷺ realized what he wanted, he asked him, to which ^Ali said, yes, that is what he had come to ask. The Prophet ﷺ asked Fatimah, and she started weeping softly. The Prophet told her that ^Ali was knowledgable, brave and kind. Fatimah accepted. ^Ali did not have riches to offer for dowry, so Prophet Muhammad ﷺ told him to use his shield for dowry. So ^Ali sold it at the market and got 400 dirhams to use for his marriage to Fatimah.

Some of the basic things that had been purchased for their home were narrated as: a bed, pillow filled with dried date palm leaves, a plate, a glass, a water bag, and a grinding stone. Originally, their home was a slight distance away from where the Prophet lived at the Masjid in Al-Madinah, and he ﷺ wished she was closer, to be able to see her every day. One of the companions heard of this and offered a house closer for Fatimah and Ali to live in.

Lady Fatimah had been physically affected by the exile of the Muslims to the desert, those years ago. Once after a battle, when the spoils and prisoners of war were coming back into Madinah, Ali suggested that she ask her father for a servant to help. When she went to his home, he wasn’t there, but she left a message with Aishah.

Then before going to sleep, her father came to visit her. It was said that after asking to enter, he sat between ^Ali and Fatimah,  so close that she felt the coolness of his feet against her. He told her that he would give her something much better than a servant. He told her before sleeping say: “Subhanallah” 33 times, “Alhamdulillah” 33 times, and “Allahu Akbar” 34 times. This would be better for her than any slavegirl.

Fatimah was a pious, patient, and grateful slave of Allah. She would attend the battles and help the wounded. When her own father was wounded at the battle of Uhud, she burnt a part of a straw mat and used its ashes to stop the bleeding.

Lady Aishah said that Fatimah had a strong resemblance to her father in her looks, and also her mannerisms.

Lastly, about the children from whom the descendants of the Prophet come. Fatimah and Ali’s first son was born the 3rd year after Hijrah. Prophet Muhammad named him Al-Hasan, and recited the adhan for him. In the 4th year, Al-Husayn was born. In the 5th year, Zaynab  and in the 7th year Umm Kulthum.